All spiritual understanding comes from knowing the Mashiach. And to know the Mashiach comes by the grace of God which causes a person to accept the one true gospel. And the one true gospel is the Mashiach, Yeshua of “Nazareth” died for our sins according to the Old Testament (Tanach), He was buried and He rose the third day according to the Tanach (Old Testament). In the true grace of God there is no controversy in these words I speak, only rejoicing and fellowship if we walk in the light as He is in the light. I and those with me, we rejoice.
The understanding of the one true gospel is: “If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us” and “Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with such a cloud of witnesses (the witnesses listed in the previous chapter), let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, looking unto Yeshua the author and finisher of the faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.”
The Greek word for sin in the two passages quoted above is αμαρτια (hamartia, noun, Strong’s # 266, ham-ar-tee-ah). It is found about 170 times in the NT in its singular or plural form and translated “sin” or “sins”, with one exception, “offense”, in 2 Cor 11:7. This Greek word is also found many times in the LXX. I could provide you a list of the verses if needed. The first time the word is used in the LXX is Gen 15:16. The Hebrew word behind the Greek word for “sin” in this verse is עון (avon, Strong’s# 5771,noun, pronounced aw-vone). In the Strong’s it is said to mean and be translated: evil, perversity, fault, iniquity, mischief, punishment, sin. “Avon” is derived from the Hebrew word עוה (avah, Strong’s 5753) It is a verb and means “to make crooked” or “to bend down”. So we have a verb, avah, which means “to make crooked” or “to bend down”, in some sense and when the same word is a noun, is translated “sin” or “iniquity”.
Let me first start with the sense of “avah”, the verb (action word) meaning “to bend down”. “Avah” is used two times in the Tanach where it is indeed translated “bowed down”: Ps 38:6, “I am troubled and bowed down” and Is 21:3, “I am bowed down at the hearing”. The prophecies are concerning the Mashiach who is bowed down before the Father, His king. And so the sense here of “avah”, is of a person bending down in submission to the king. A slave submitting to His master. But there are two ways to submit or bow down to a master. One can submit or be submitted, but either way in the end, there will be submission. When “avah” is seen as sin, it is in the sense of being submitted to a master by the master, and when “avah” is seen as righteous, it is seen in the sense of submitting to the master. As an example, the Mashiach, Yeshua, submitting to the Father full of grace and truth. Now let me point out one more prophecy in the Ez 21:24-27, “Therefore, thus saith Adonay, Yahavah, because you have made your iniquity to be remembered, in that your transgressions are discovered, so that all your doings your sins do appear. Because that you are come to remembrance, you shall be taken with the hand. And you, profane wicked ruler of Yisrael, whose day is come, when iniquity shall have an end. Thus saith Adonay, Yehovah, remove the turban, and take off the crown. This shall not be the same. Exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high. I will bow it down, I will bow it down, I will bow it down and it shall be no more, until he comes whose right it is, and I will give it to him.” The KJV translates “avah” overturn, but it literally means to “bow down” as I have written the passage above. God will bow down Yisrael as well as the Ammonites (vs20) by the king of Babylon (vs 19,21) to Himself. By the king of Babylon God will cause the ruler to submit to Himself. Because of the sins of Yerushalem God will cause Yudah to submit to Him by judgment. It is in the writings of the prophets “avah” come forth to give us the sense of sin. Sin is about submission, and submission to God whether He grants grace to submit or He causes submission by judgment. Again whether by the grace of God people are able to submit to God or by His mercy He will cause “the many” to submit to Him in judgment, so that in the end, “every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Yeshua is Adonay to the glory of God the Father”. God will cause “the many” to submit, so that in the end all may see the end of the Adonay (Lord), that He is very pitiful and of tender mercies.
In closing to see clearly (only if there be grace) that Yeshua’s understanding in the days of His flesh was the thought of sin with submission or bowing down. “Then said Yeshua to those of Yudah which believed on Him, if you continue in my word, then are you my disciples indeed, and you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. And they answered Him, We be Avraham’s seed, and were never in bondage to any man. How sayest thou, you shall be free? Yeshua answered them, Verily, verily I say unto you, whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. And the servant remains not in the house forever, but the Son abideth for ever. If the Son therefore shall make you free, you shall be free indeed. I know that you are Avraham’s seed, but you seek to kill Me, because My word has no place in you. I speak that what I have seen with my Father, and you do that which you have seen with your father. They answered and said unto Him, Avraham is our father. Yeshua said unto them, If you were Avraham’s children, you would do the works of Avraham. But now you seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God. This did not Avraham. You do the deeds of your father…(vs 59) Then took they up stones to cast at Him. But Yeshua hid Himself and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.” A person is either a slave of sin, which he is borne in, or a slave of righteousness which is the second birth.