All understanding comes from the Tanach in light of the Mashiach’s death for our sins, His burial and His resurrection the third day. Yeshua of Nazareth is the Mashiach.
The Hebrew word, “shabath” (Strongs 7676) is the noun form of the verb, “shavath” (Strongs 7673). “Shavath” speaking of God means to stop or cease. And so, to say “God shavath” as in Genesis 2, is to say God stopped or ceased, for God does not need to rest as a person. The majority of the time “shavath” is used in the Tanach (Old Testament) simply means “stop”. It is found 71 in the OT: cease 47; rest 11; away; fail 2; celebrate 1; misc 7. For example Gen 2:3, “He had rested from all His work.” God ceased from his work of creation. In Is 14:4, “How has the oppressor ceased.” How has the oppressor stopped (from his oppressing).” Lam 5:15, “The joy of our heart is ceased.” The joy of our heart has stopped. Ez 16:41, “I will cause thee to cease.” “I will cause thee to stop.” Ps 46:9, “He makes wars to cease.” “He makes wars to stop.”
The first time in the Tanach, the Hebrew word, “shabath”, is used in Exodus 16:23. “And it came to pass on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one person, and all the elders of the congregation came and told Moshah. And he said unto them, This is what the Yahavah has said, “The Rest” (Shabathown-Strongs 7677), a holy “stopping” (shabath) to Yahavah is tomorrow. Today bake what you will bake, and boil what you will boil, and that which remains over, lay it up for you to be kept until the morning. (verse 12: “in the morning you shall be filled with bread.” Manna was collected every morning except the Shabath.) And they laid it up until the morning, as Moshah asked, and it did not stink, nor was there any worm in it. And Moshah said, Eat this today. For today is a shabath to the Yehovah. Today you shall not find it (the manna) in the field. Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the shabath, in it there shall not be none. And it came to pass that there went out some of the people on the seventh day to gather, and they found none. And Yahavah said unto Moshah, How long do you refuse to keep my laws? See, Yahavah has given you the shabath. Therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Abide ye every person in his place on the seventh day. Let no person go out of his place on the seventh day.
Gen 2:1 ff, “Thus the heavens and all the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God finished His work which he had made, and he shavath on the seventh day from all the work which He had done.”
Ex 20:8 ff, “Remember the shabath of Yehovah Elohiym. In it you shall not do any work, thou nor thy son, or thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor the stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days Yehovah made heaven and earth, the sea and all that is in them, and set down the seventh day. Wherefore Yehovah blessed the shabath day and sanctified it.”
And so that which began as no Law, the shabath of the Lord, the ceasing or resting of the Lord, became a Law. But if a law could have been given to produce righteousness, one would have surely been given and the Mashiach would not have needs to have died. Now the shabath was the seventh day under the law, and practiced by Yudah and Yisrael as they were under law. And the Mashiach died the ninth hour, and his body could not be left unburied over the shabath. And so he was quickly buried in a rich man grave by the twelfth hour, the beginning of the seventh day, shabath. And Yeshua tasted death for all men. And Yeshua said near the end of the sixth day the thief this day would be in paradise with Him. And His body laid in the rich man’s grave from the end of the sixth day through the entirety of the seventh day. And the first day of the week when it was yet dark, God raised Him from the dead, clothed Him with a glorified body, raised Him from the dead, to fulfill the scriptures. And so He died the ninth hour of the sixth day and His body was laid in a sepulchre before the start of the shabath. And His body laid in the grave, the time of shabath, the day of the rest of our God. And because death could not contain him at the start of the first day, God raised Him in a glorified body, the third day, the first day of the week.
And so the law says the shabath is the seventh day of the week, and to remember it. But Yeshua was raised the first day, no longer under law. Just as the children of grace are not under law. But the law is not abolished, but it is kept lawfully, by the remembering of the prophecies. The Law and prophets prophesy until Yohan, sayeth Yeshua. And so the Law is kept but we are no longer bound to the Law, but to the Mashiach who is raised from the dead. We are married to another. But by the Spirit of the Father, the author of the Law, we remember the Mashiach in the scriptures and do not forsake the law.
The saints of the most high God, they fellowship daily lest their hearts be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin, not forsaking the assemblying of themselves together as the manner of some, but exhorting one another the more as the day of judgment approaching. And so they assemble all the days, and the first day, for this was the day of the resurrection of Yeshua. But one day is not above another for all days are the Lord’s, and we celebrate the resurrection of the Lord all days!