The Greek word translated “grace” is “Χαρις”, pronounced “kar-ees” (Strongs 5485). The first time it is found in the NT is Luke 1:30. Look in the Strong’s Concordance and notice the similarity with the entries 5463 (Mat 2:10), 5479 (Mat 2:10), 5483 (Luke 7:21), 5484 (Luke 7:47), 5485, 5486 (Rom 1:11) and 5487 (Luke 1:28). All these words have a similiar root at their base, pronounced kar. 5463 is a verb meaning “to rejoice”. 5479 is a noun which means “rejoicing” or “cheerfulness”. 5486 is a Greek word that have been anglicized and recognized in the English language today as “charisma”.
The Hebrew word from which the Greek word, Χαρις (LXX), is translated from is “KaN” (Strongs 2580). “KaN is first found in the OT in Gen 6:8. The Hebrew word “KaN” (2580) and “KaNaN” (2603) are similiar. “KaNaN” (1st found in the OT in Gen 33:5) as a verb means “to bend or stoop” and “KaN” as a noun form is translated “favor or grace”. The thought of “favor or grace” in the Hebrew language has a sense of bowing down: a person of means bowing down to one who has no means. Grace is giving to those with no means, that which they are unable to obtain for themselves. The one who has not, is unable to give, that which he or she does not possess. The Hebrew word for grace is intimately tied with one who gives the favor and having the means, and the one who receives the favor, being unable to obtain it for him or herself and having not the means. Understood this way grace is “a favor given”. Not just a gift, for a gift can be given to someone who does not need it, but grace is a gift for someone who has not the means to obtain it and is in need. It is no favor to provide a person with something they already have, and thus, this is excluded from the thought of the Hebrew word,”KaN” meaning grace.
Now to translate the Hebrew word for “grace” into the Greek language, the Greek word which was chosen that most closely translates this word is the word for “rejoicing” or “cheerfulness”. The Greek word speaks of the response to grace or a favor, but not the grace itself. Would we not rejoice if One of means granted us a gift beyond our means? How perfectly grace is understood in spiritual thoughts, as the God of the universe giving His life on a cross, the earthly life of God taken by the creature whom He created. The creature taking the life of God in the flesh and God alone has purposed this. This is the essence of the purpose of God. For God predetermined His death for our sins in the days of His flesh, and also His burial and His resurrection the third day. For this is fortold over and over in many different passages in many different ways in the Tanach. And through this act of God, the giving of His life, He gives favor or grace to the creature who is in need and has no way to obtain it. This is grace according to His will. Perhaps a good man might die for one, but God in the Mashiach reconciled Himself to all people when we were all enemies and sinners. “In Adam all died, in the Mashiach all are made alive, each person in God’s own order.” Each person as God has ordained. There is only the will of God.
One more thought, in the New Testament the Greek word “charis” is used about 155 times. In the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Tanach, charis is used about 90 times. In the Tanach in the Hebrew, the word, “khane”, is used about 66 times. Now in the Torah (the first five books of the Tanach) when “khane” is used, it primarily speaks of the people being given favor (for example Yisrael by the Egyptians), and yet it is implied that it is God who gives the favor through them. The writing does not come right out and say it is God. As example, in Gen 6:8, “Noah found grace in the eyes of the Yehovah” It is not Noah that found grace, but grace that found Noah. For in the proceeding verse it says, “the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his hearts was only evil all the day long.” This verse says every and all hearts were evil, but in verse 8, Noah found grace. This is the true grace of God. All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God, and grace found Noah. Grace is a free gift, undeserved, not sought after, for it could not be sought after. It was unobtainable and unimagineable. For prior to the grace finding Noah, the thoughts of all people’s hearts were continually wicked always. Is it not so in the Mashiach? Yes!
Now in the 613 laws and ordinances “khane” is only used once. In Deut 24 it speaks of a wife no longer having favor in the eyes of her husband. And this passage Yeshua, the Creator of the heaven and the earth, was intimately familiar with, for in Mat 19 it is written, Why did Moshah then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away. He saith unto them, “Moshah because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives, but from the beginning it was not so.” In the one true grace of God and the Spirit of holiness there is the heart of God which is not hard toward any man, woman or child, for He loves all people in every generation without partiality and equally, and puts away no person. Look at the end of the Lord, that He is very pitiful and of tender mercies. He divorces His love from no person. And so in the grace of God if you can accept it, there is grace that no child of grace would put away another person for any cause. How can this be so, Lord? With man it is impossible, but with God all things are possible!
All understanding comes from the Tanach or Old Testament as these writings prophesy of the Mashiach’s death for all people’s sins, His burial and His resurrection the third day. All the Tanach in its entirety, every verse, every passage, prophesies of the Mashiach. Yeshua of Nazareth is “the Mashiach” there is only one Mashiach, the Anointed One of God, the fulfillment of all the Tanach. “Tanach” is the Hebrew word for what the nations (Gentiles) call the Old Testament. The Tanach is also called “the scriptures”, “the writings” or “the writings of the prophets”. The Tanach is a part of what is called the “Bible”. The Bible called so by the nations (Gentiles) is the Old and New Testaments combined. In the Old Testament are contained the prophecies concerning the Mashiach, Yeshua of Nazareth, and in the New Testament is found the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies, and the understanding of the Old Testament prophecies, which are the eternal purpose of God in the Mashiach. The Old as it prophesies of the Mashiach is seen as prophecies concerning Yeshua the Mashiach, seen only if God gives grace to the hearer to accept the one true gospel. The New Testament writings are judged by the one true gospel. The New Testament should not accepted as the prophecies of the Old Testament, but should be judged by the one true gospel. God is the teacher of all. No person except God is the teacher. But there is “the gift of a teacher” for the assembly. Judge Paul and the apostolos to be your brethren in the Mashiach by the one true gospel. Judge all things written by the apostolos in the New Testament by the one true gospel. If you indeed walk in the true grace of God, you will judge all the apostolos as of your brethren in the Mashiach as I have.