Word Study: Poor

All understanding comes by the word of God (the Tanach) declared by the one true gospel. The one true gospel is the Mashiach, Yeshua, died for our sins according to the Tanach, He was buried and He rose again the third day according to the Tanach. (The Tanach and the Old Testament are one and the same.)

In the New Testament the Greek word translated most often “poor” is Strongs# 4434, ptochos. Its root means “to crouch” which when applied to the poor, speaks of either the physical or mental state,  as of “crouching”, as in a state of weakness.

There are several Hebrew words  translated “poor” in the Old Testament. Two are Strong’s# 1800, pronounced”dal” (46 total times, 43: poor, 2: needy, 2: weaker, 1: lean ) & 1803, “dallah” (8 total times, 1: poorest sort, 1: pining sickness, 1: hair). The meaning of both words is derived from a root word with a sense of letting down, dangling, slack, feeble, or oppressed. Because of this meaning and depending on the context, for example in Song of Solomon 7:5 “dallah” is translated “hair” or “the hanging down of the head”, or “hair”). As with the Greek the meaning of the Hebrew words as it relates to the poor pertains to the physical appearance or mental state, hanging down. Another Hebrew word translated poor is Strong’s# 6041, “aniy” pronounced “aw-nee” (80 total times, 58: poor, 15: Afflicted, 1: lowly, 1: man, 1:variant). This word, 6030/6031 being a like words, that have a puddle of meaning “to eye, look down depress, oppress, force, chasten, hurt, ravish, submit, and weaken.” Thus the poor are those who are looked down. When the rich look down from their lofty positions, do they not often oppress, or force, or chasten, or hurt, or cause to submit or weaken the poor? For if the rich (in spirit) were not to looked down with content, the poor would no longer be oppressed, but “the poor you will have with you always”. Poor in this sense can be the lowly ones, the afflicted, the meek, the humble. Was not the Mashiach “the Lowly One”, “the Afflicted One”, “the Meek One”, and “the Humble One”. Did He not fulfill these spiritual words in His death for our sins, His burial and His resurrection the third day as all the Tanach prophesied? Of course!

Let me finish this entry with quotes from the writing of the apostolos and spiritual words:

“Come unto Me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of Me, for I am meek and lowly in heart, and you shall find rest for your souls. For my yoke is pleasant, and my burden is light.” – Mat 11:28ff . The translation of the Greek word to “pleasant” instead of “easy” comes from a place in the Tanach where the Hebrew word translated in the LXX Greek (Strong’s 5543) has the sense of meaning as “pleasant”. It could also be “very good” as it is translated in Jer 24:2. In Spirit, could we not say “my yoke is very good?” Yes!

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.

Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled.

Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.

Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God.

Blessed are they which are persecuted for rigtheousness sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Blessed are you, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.

Rejoice and be exceeding glad. For great is your reward in heaven. For so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.” – Mat 5

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