The term “ghetto” originated from the name of the Jewish quarter in Venice, established in 1516, in which the Venetian authorities compelled the city’s Jews to live within its boundaries. Various authorities, ranging from local municipal authorities to the Austrian Emperor Charles V, ordered the creation of other ghettos for Jews in Frankfurt, Rome, Prague, and other cities in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The Jewish Ghetto of Rome was located in the rione (district) of Sant’Angelo. The rione’s terrain is low and flat and, until recent times, particularly susceptible to flooding from the river. It is in the area surrounded by today’s Via del Portico d’Ottavia, Lungotevere dei Cenci, Via del Progresso and Via di Santa Maria del Pianto close to the Tiber and the Theater of Marcellus, in Rome, Italy.
The Papal Bull (bull is from the Latin word, bulla, or seal, thus an official sealed Papal document), “Cum nimis absurdum” was decreed by Pope Paul IV in 1555. The title of this official document is taken from its first words: “Since it is absurd and utterly inconvenient that the Jews, who through their own fault were condemned by God to eternal slavery…” Read the Bull, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cum_nimis_absurdum. The bull placed religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal States (the portion of Italy directly under papal rule). The bull renewed anti-Jewish legislation and subjected Jews to various degradations and restrictions on their personal freedom. Under the bull, Jewish males were forced to wear a yellow hat, and Jewish females “some other evident sign, yellow in color”. Jews were also forbidden to own real estate or practice medicine among Christians. The bull also created the Roman Ghetto, where the Jews of Rome, who had lived freely since antiquity, were segregated in a walled quarter with three gates that were locked at night. Jews were also restricted to one synagogue per city. Paul IV’s successor, Pope Pius IV, enforced the creation of other ghettos in most Italian towns, and his successor, Pope Pius V, recommended them (ghettos) to other bordering states
İn 1798, during the Roman Republic, the Ghetto was legally abolished, and the tree of Freedom was planted in Piazza delle Scole, but it was reinstated as soon as the Papacy regained control. In 1848, during the brief revolution, the Ghetto was abolished once more, again temporarily. The Jews had to petition annually for permission to live there, and were disabled from owning any property even in the Ghetto. They paid a yearly tax for the privilege; formality and tax survived until 1850. The requirement that Jews live within the Ghetto was abolished when the last remnant of the Papal States was overthrown on September 20, 1870. The city of Rome was able to tear down the Ghetto’s walls in 1888 and demolish it almost completely, before the area was reconstructed around the new Synagogue. The ghetto of Rome was the last remaining ghetto in Western Europe until its later reintroduction by Nazi Germany.
How can you say you love God whom you do not see, oh person that calls yourself a Christian, and hate your fellow person whom you do see. People make up all nations and they are male and female, adults and children, free and slave, Jews (of Yudah) and Yisrael and all nations, and black, white and people of all color, and if there be anything else that would make one people distinct from another. All people, through the Mashiach’s death for all people’s sins, His burial and His resurrection the third day as all the Tanach foretells, are valued as the life of God equally, without partiality from the moment of conception, even more so as He has purpose all from before the foundations of the earth in the Mashiach. This is true in the grace of God. To unbelievers I have no words. God judges the unbeliever. “And if any person hear my words and believes not, I judge him not. For I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.” (John 12) And Paul writes, “I wrote unto you in a letter not to company with fornicators, yet not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the coveteous, or extortioners, or with idolaters, for then must you needs go out of the world. But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any person that is called a brother or a sister be a fornicator, or coveteous, or idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner, with such an one no not to eat. For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? Do not you judge them within? But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.” (1 Cor 5) To those who call themselves Christians, beware! You, O Christian person, quit having abortions! Quit committing homosexual acts! Quit being coveteous for other people’s goods! Quit doing the very thing you condemn the unbeliever. You should not be judging them. Quit hating people for the color of his skin! Quit hating your people, again, oh person, who calls yourself a Christian. Do you not know that all people are equal in the eyes of God, and He loves all people without partiality; for God is love? I do not think you know this, if you do not love men whom you see, and say you love God. Do you not know that God has not rejected Yisrael? But you hate and despise. Do you not know that God is the God of Yisrael and the God of all nations as it is written, “In thy seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed” equally without partiality. The Seed is one and the Seed is the Mashiach who is Yeshua of “Nazareth”. This interpretation is sure and true!