Word Study: Cherubim

“Cherubim” is the plural form of the anglicized Hebrew word, “cherub”. “Cherub” is Anglicized from the Hebrew word, , “KeRuWB” (Strong’s H3742). “KeRuWB” is found a total of 91 times in the OT, 64 times translated “cherubim”, and 27 times, “cherub”. One of the root words of “KeRuWB” is “KaR”, (Strong’s 3733) which means the ram of a sheep. The broad-tailed sheep of Biblical times would look more like a bighorn sheep than the ordinary sheep we see or think of today. Another root word of  “KeRuWB” is “KoR” (Strong’s 3734) which is translated “a measuring vessel”. There is a sense of fullness in the word. “KoR” could be derived from the use of the horn of the sheep used as a vessel or container. Another word in the puddle of meaning for the root words of “KeRuWB” is “KaRA” (Strong’s 3735) which means “to grieve”. This could mean “to grieve” in the sense of a grief-stricken person being “full of grief”, or the possibility of grief being overpowering.  Strong’s words from 3733 to 3774 all have “KaR” or “KoR” as their root and thus, in each word there is a sense of fullness or completeness.  If the root word of “KeRuWB” is a full-grown ram, perhaps its meaning as herald would connect to the ram’s bellowing or its strength. If the root word is “KaR” as a “measuring vessel” the herald could be seen as one full of a message. If the root word has a sense of grief, perhaps grief and the flaming sword, the word of God, are what prevented Adam and Eve from returning to the garden. Perhaps griefs are the keruwbiym, and grief is the herald of full, overpowering and strong word, the word of the Lord. Maybe the grief is the Mashiach crucified (past tense), and the resurrection the third day, joy unspeakable and full of glory.

The first passage “KeRuWB” is found in Gen 3:24, “So He drove out the man, and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden, “keruwbiym” and a flaming sword with turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.” Certainly there is the sense of the “keruwbiym” being strong and full of a message. There could be grief because of man and woman’s fall. In Exodus 25 there are two “keruwbs” made of beaten gold upon the “kapporeth” (The Top) of the “box of the covenant” facing each other with their garments in their hands outstretched over the kapporeth. “The testimony of two confirms the fact” and these two heralds are each strong and full of a message – the Spirit of prophecy is the testimony of Yeshua.  Could the strong message be the grief of the gospel, the Mashiach crucified. The message is not spoken outward, but is spoken inwardly, until the resurrection of the Mashiach and the Spirit is given. The message of gospel, the mystery, is spoken publically and with great power by the assembly of the living God. Is not this prophecy fulfilled in the Mashiach, for it is written, “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek. He hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison doors to them that are bound, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord and the day of vengeance of our God.” (Is 61)

“כרוב” or “KeRuWB” seems to mean have a sense of fullness, grief, and of the ram. As “malak” is to “messenger”, so to “keruwb” is in the sense of fullness, grief and the ram. Whether the fulness of “KeRuWB, or the messenger, the aggelos (our word angel is derived from the Greek word, aggelos), both of these words have been left with us in letter “creatures with wings”. The letter killeth, but the spirit gives life.”  And as with angels in the understanding of the gospel they are simply messengers (wings excluded), so to this untranslated word, “KeRuWB” simply means “herald” as I see it. Perhaps cheruwb is the messenger of grief, and aggelos a messenger of the good and the bad, both created by God. Thus the 91 times in the OT “KeRuWB” is found simply untranslated, and left up to the Spirit of God and His messengers to declare the spiritual meaning. This is certainly better than declaring winged creatures both angels and cherubim and winged creatures of people’s imaginations.

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5 Responses to Word Study: Cherubim

  1. Gwen Duckworth says:

    Thanks be to God for his faithful messenger, Yeshua

  2. habasar says:

    Yes, I agree, Yeshua of Nazareth, the Mashiach of God, is the Faithful Messenger of God. The wonderful thing about this word study and a similar word study on “angels” is there are no wings creatures of God but the fowl and the birds of the air. The scriptures (the Old Testament) are not about angels or cherubims, but of the Mashiach. Yeshua said, “search ye the scriptures (Old Testament) for in them you think you have eternal life, it is they which testify of Me.” (Yohan 5) The Spirit of prophecy is the testimony of Yeshua, and the testimony of Yeshua is the Mashiach, Yeshua of Nazareth, died for our sins according to the Old Testament, He was buried and He rose again the third day according to the Tanach.

  3. Leann says:

    The testimony of two, the Father and the Son. Another wonderful prophesy!

  4. Gloria Ortiz says:

    It would appear that the Cherub of Ezekiel 28 and the Serpent (Nachash – S5172 -to prognosticate – to fortell or prophesy ) of Genesis 3 are one and the same. It would certainly make sense that this Cherub/Nachash was in fact a messenger of grief. Thank you for your word study.

    • habasar says:

      Gloria, in the future I will have to do a word study on NaGaSH. All spiritual words have a connection in the gospel. The one true gospel is the Mashiach (Yeshua of Nazareth) died for our sins according to the OT, He was buried and He rose again third day according to the OT. (Luke 24, 1 Cor 15:1-6). Ez 28 is that prophecy against the ruler of Tyrus, the overspreading or covering KeRuWB – a herald of grief concerning judgment. The prophecy is fulfilled in the Mashiach, “in thy Seed, all the nations of the earth shall be blessed” and the Seed is one, and the Seed (ZeRaH) is the Mashiach! The interpretation is true and sure!

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