Word Study: Father

The Hebrew word for “father” is “אב”, the first two letters of the Hebrew alphabet, “aleph-beyth”. It is as if as God was creating the Hebrew alphabet, He stopped after the first two letters to make the first word, and that word was “ab”, and “ab” was given the meaning of “father”. It is as if the first word God brought forth was the word for “father”. Is not one of the first words we provoke an infant to say is “dad” and do they not say “da” many times as their first word. It is to “ab” God desires to be called by all people, especially those who believe. And believers do call Him, Father, in the days of their flesh and on into eternity to come. Do we not begin our prayers and cries to God as “Our Father”?

“ab” in the Strong’s is number 1. It is the root word of every Strong’s word from 1 to 88. All these words build upon a “root word” meaning “father”. AB is found about 1215 times in the OT. The father is the desire of the children, and the children are the Father’s desire. Are not all people of all nations of all generations of God? Is not God the Father of all people whether they know it or not, with God or without God? What a wonderful, marvelous word the word “ab” is.

Another word with a base of “ab” is the Strongs word #6 which is the Hebrew word “abad”. It is found 184 times in the OT translated perish 98 times, destroy 62, lose 10, fail 2, surely 2, utterly 2, broken 1, destruction 1, escape 1, flee 1, spendeth 1, take 1, undone 1, void 1. It would seem the ending syllable of “abad” is associated with the Hebrew word, “ed” or “ad” (Strongs 108) which has the sense of a mist, cloud or fog. “Adad” (Strongs 109) has a sense of grieving. Thus grieving is a cloud or mist or a fog over a person. They are encompassed with grief. They are lost in grief. Now going back to “abad” with the two words, “ab” and “ad” combined there is a sense of the loss of the father. As a child is hidden or lost from one’s father, this could certainly be destruction or perishing. The child perishes without the father, but is safe and secure with the father. For the father who has no desire for his children leaves their security threatened, as the child who has no desire for the father. The eternal purpose of God in the Mashiach is hidden from those who do not believe, but good news is not hidden from the eternal love of God in the chosen ones. Though “the many” will perish in sin and death and judgment, in the end “in the Mashiach, all will be made alive each person in God’s own order.

As one goes through the Strongs words which have a root of “ab” (#1-88) the spirtual meaning of the word in view of the word “ab”, the father, is revealed.  One will see names, like #26, “Abiygal” which means “father’s joy”. Is not this a likeness of Yeshua ha Mashiach? #34, “ebyown” closely connected with perishing has a meaning of the destitute. How many of the poor and destitue of the earth have been deserted by father and mother. But, God deserts no person.

One other thought. In the NT the Greek word, αββα (Strongs #5, abba) is found. It is not found in the Septuagint (LXX) which was written about the third century (299-200 BC). So most likely the word “abba” became integrated into the language some time after this time. It is Aramaic in origin, the ancient language of the inhabitants of Palestine at the time of the Mashiach. In the the Jewish writing called the Gemara, one of the two parts of the Talmud or the Oral Tradition (the other part called the Mishnah), it was stated that slaves were forbidden to address the head of the family by Abba. (from Vines Expository Dictionary) In the New Testament three times the two words, “Abba, Father” are used. One time by Yeshua in Mark 14:36. This has great significance as God as His Father – I and the Father are one. For the Father gave up His only begotten Son’s life on the cross at the hand of the creature to show His great love for all people. That He would love in word and deed. The other two times (Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6) Abba is used is in reference to believers crying out to God by the Spirit saying “Abba, Father”. We are no longer slaves to sin, but friends and sons and daughters of the living God in and by the Mashiach, the Creator of all things, who is not ashamed to call us brethren. (Hebrews 2:11)

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One Response to Word Study: Father

  1. Gwen Duckworth says:

    Thanks be to God for choosing us to know him as our abba father on behalf of all people.

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