“All that believed were together, and had all things in “koinos” (common), and sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all, AS EVERY PERSON HAD A NEED.” (KJV, Acts 2:44-45)
The Greek word for “common” is “koinos” (Strongs# 2839). Another meaning for “koinos” is “ordinary”. In Mark 7:2 the disciples ate bread with the “defiled (koinos), as the “defiled” ordinary folk, with unwashed hands, and not like the self-righteous religious who would never eat bread without washing their hands first, though their hearts were filled with all manner of evil. “Koinos” is found a total of 12 times in the NT: common 7; unclean 3; defiled 1; unholy. Thus, koinos has a sense of that which is common among all, thus, ordinary. There are things common and there are things unclean, but the uncommon is not surely unclean, and hopefully the unclean will not be common in the assembly of God.
Now “koinos” is the root of the Greek word, koinonos (Strongs# 2844). Koinonos means one who shares, thus, a partner, an associate, a comrade or a companion. It is found 10 time total in the NT: partaker 5; partner 3; fellowship 1; companion 1. Believers share in the common faith (Titus 1:4) and the common salvation (Jude 1:3). They also are “koinonos” (partners) of sufferings (2 Cor 2:7), of glory (1 Pet 5:1) and of divine nature (2 Pet 1:4) in the resurrection.
Now “koinonia” (Strongs# 2842) is derived from “koionos”. Koinonia is found 20 total times in the NT: fellowship 12, communion 4; communication 2; distribution 1; contribution 1. Thus fellowship is sharing what is common among believers whether it be faith, or salvation, or sufferings, or glory, or the divine nature in the resurrection.
Let us now examine Hebrews 13:16, “But to do good and to “koinonia” (communicate) forget not, for with such sacrifices God is well please” – but to do good, and to “share” forget not. “To do good” and “to share” are one and the same. And what do believers share? All things! God loves a cheerful giver. Followers of Yeshua share grace, and faith, and salvation, and life, and the word of God, and the one true gospel, and the absence of death (for to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord), and glory and the presence of the Lord forever. Believers share in the Mashiach, for the Mashiach is the sum of all things. Certainly if any believer has a carnal need we will share, sell possessions and meet their need. Hopefully we will discern their need and they will communicate them to the brethren. We should not despise our brethren who are not rich on this world, and honor them equally; for there is no partiality in the faith of our Lord Yeshua. Believers share honor (for God honors us in the Mashiach) and everything of life. We share conversation and thoughts and the abundant life we live, for they are all in the Mashiach, and we will share a new heaven and a new earth. Thanks be unto God for His indescribable grace!
I mark this writing by the one true gospel. The one true gospel is the Mashiach, Yeshua of Nazareth, died for our sins according to the Old Testament, He was buried and He rose again the third day according to the Old Testament! (Luke 24, 1 Cor 15:1-6)
Two more passages:
“Let those who are taught in the word communicate (koinonea) with them that teach in all good things.” (Gal 6:6)
“Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who gives us richly all things to enjoy; that they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate (share, fellowship, it is one and the same), laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come (judgment), that they may lay hold on eternal life (life that does not cease). Keep that which is committed to the trust (the one true gospel), avoiding profane (to be trodden under foot) and vain babblings (empty sounds), and oppositions falsely called the knowledge of God (philosophy and science), which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace is with you. Amen! It is true!