Word Study: Marriage

“Marriage (Strongs G1062, γαμος, gamos) is honorable  (Strongs G5093, τιμιος, timios, precious) in all, and the bed undefiled , but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.” – Heb 13:4

The Greek word, gamos, is found 16 total times in the NT: marriage 9, wedding 7. The first time it is found in the NT is in Mat 22:2 speaking of “a marriage for his son”.  The other times it is found in the NT is: Matt 22:3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12; 25:10; Luke 12:36; 14:8; John 2:1, 2; Heb 13:4; Rev 19:7, 9. Other words in the NT similar to gamos are: G1060, gameo, to marry, 29 total times, marry 29 (1st time Mat 5:32); G1061, gamisko, given in marriage, 1 time; and a proper name found 2 times, Gamiliyel, Acts 5:34; 22:3. Gamos alone is found in the LXX 4 times in the following verses: Gen 29:22 (marriage feast); Est 1:5 (king’s feast); Est 2:18 (Esther’s feast); Est 9:22 (day of feasting and joy for the Jews).

The Hebrew word the Greek word gamos is translated in the 4 verses of the LXX is MiSHTaH (Strongs H4920): 46 total times in OT, feast 31, banquet 10, drink 5 (1st time Gen 19:3). MiSHTaH is derived from the Hebrew word, SHaTaH. It is found 217 total times in the OT: drink 208 total times, drinker 1, drunkard 1, misc 6 (1st time in OT Gen 9:21). It can be clearly seen that the Hebrew word for feast, MiSHTah, is derived from the word SHaTaH meaning “to drink”. Thus, the essence of the word MiSHTaH is “to drink” whether wine, or water, or joy or happiness.

Now the Greek word, gamos, in the Strongs is said to have no derivative word. There are times when Greek words with no origin of meaning in the Greek will have a meaning from the Hebrew. Looking at the Hebrew words in Strongs, there are a puddle of Hebrew words that begin with “GaM”. GaM is Strongs H1571 meaning “to gather”. Is this not what happens at a feast: people gather? Strongs H1572 GaMA meaning “to drink” with the implication of gathering or fetching water or drink. Strongs 1573, GoME, meaning papyrus or bulrush: the plant that grows by the water. Strongs 1574 GoMeD as a unit of measurement which implies grasping that which is measured by the hand and forearm: fetched water is grasped water. Strongs 1575 GoMaD, a warrior as one who grasps a weapon. Strongs 1576 GuMuWL as reward or that which is gathered or grapsed for reward. Strongs 1577 GuMuWL is a the proper name. Strongs 1578 GaMuWLaH is  “reward”. Strongs 1580 GaMal, to reward. Strongs 1581, GaMaL, as the living one, camel, who is known to gather and store water. The proper name, GaMiLiYeL, meaning the “reward of God”. Strongs 1584 GaMaR as to complete, obtain or grasped. GoMeR (Strongs 1585) is another proper name.

In the Hebrew language, MiSHTaH, the essence of the meaning is “to drink”, whether of wine, or joy, or happiness. This puddle of Hebrew words around GaM give the essence of the meaning as to gather, reward, and grasp. In Greek gamos has no negative connotion but only means a wedding with a positive connotation, for this is the essence of the spiritual word, as “the marriage for the son” (Mat 22:1 ff), “marriage in Cana” (YoHaN 2:1ff), “marriage is precious” (Heb 13:4), “marriage of the Lamb” (Rev 19:7) and “marriage supper of the Lamb” (Rev 19:9).

Now the spiritual word, marriage, gamos and MiSHTaH, they  are pure and sure. For it is where the children of grace gather in the assembly where the gospel is preached according to the will of God and His grace; where the chosen ones grasp grace and the gospel by the will of God; where they are rewarded all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in the Mashiach, and where they drink living waters of the spirit of the Mahsiach, the spirit of God.

I mark this writing with bold letters by the one true gospel. The one true gospel is the Mashiach, Yeshua of Nazareth, who died for our sins according to the Old Testament, He was buried and He rose again the third day according to the Old Testament.

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