Word Study: World

The English word “world” occurs in 240 total times in the NT. Five Greek words are translated “world” in the NT.

The most common Greek word translated “world” is “kosmos” (Strongs 2889, 1st time it is found in the NT, Mat 4:8). “Kosmos” is found 187 times in the NT and translated “world” every verse except 1 Pet 3:3 were it is translated “adorning”.

The next and most frequent Greek word that is translated “world” is “aion” (Strongs 165, 1st time Mat 12:32) which the English language derives the word “eon”. The literal translation of “aion” is “age”, as in a particular span of time, thus, an age. It is found 128 total times in the NT: ever (71); world (38); never (6); evermore (4); age (2); eternal (2); misc (5). “Aion” comes from the Greek word, the adverb “aei” which is found 8 total times in the NT: always (4); always (3); ever (1). These 8 verses are found in Mat 15:8; Act 7:51; 2 Cor 4:11, 6:10; Tit 1:12; Heb 3:10; 1 Pet 3:15; 2 Pet 1:12. With “aion” having its root in the Greek word for “always”, its meaning would most closely be a “duration of time”. Read the 128 verses “aion” is found in the NT and replace it will “duration of time”. The passage with then read more closely to the original sense of the language. “Aion” would then not be translated “world” at all.

The next word is the Greek word “oikoumene” (Strong 3625, 1st Mat 24:14). It is found 15 total times in the NT: world (14 ); earth (1). “Oikoumene” is derived from the Greek word “oikeo” (Strongs 3611, Rom 7:17) which means “to dwell” and “oikos” (Strongs 3624, Mat 9:6) which means house or dwelling place”. It is found a total of 114 times in the NT, 104 times translated “house”. “Oikoumene” in this puddle meaning would be the earth, more specifically the places where people dwell. Try this experiment and replace all the places in the OT “oikoumene” and replace it with “dwelling places” or the inhabitable earth versus the inhabitable; where people are found in the earth versus where they are not found.

The final two Greek words which are translated “world” once each are chronos (Strongs 5550, 2 Tim 1:9) and “ge” (gay, Strongs 1093, Rev 13:3). “Chronos” is found 53 total times in the NT, time (33), season (4), misc. (11). In 2 Tim 1:9 “chronos” should be translated “time’”. “Ge” is found 252 total times in the NT translated earth (188), land (42), ground (18), misc (4). “Ge” should be translated “land” in all instances it is found as the closest word to the original Greek meaning. (It is interesting the Hebrew word for nation is “GoY/GoWiY, H1471. It is similar in pronunciation to the Greek word “ge”.)

“Kosmos” is the dominate word translated “world”. It is found 28 times in the LXX. (Gen 2:1; Deut 4:19; 17:3; 2 Sam 1:24; Prov 17:6; 20:29; 28:17; 29:17; Eccl 12:9 (set in order many proverbs); Is 3:18, 19, 20, 24, 26; 13:10 (stars of heaven, hosts); 24:21; 40:26 (hosts by number); 49:18 (as her arranging); 61:10 (deck himself with ornaments); Jer 2:32 (can a maid forget her ornaments); 4:30; Ez 7:20 (beauty of his ornament); 16:11 (deck thee with ornaments),13 (decked with silver and gold); 23:40 (deck with ornaments); Nah 2:9 (LXX no end to their adorning). The verses crossed out above as far as I can see in the version of the LXX I study, do not have the Greek word “kosmos” in them. Thus, “kosmos” is only found 14 times in the LXX OT.

Now let us look at the Hebrew words that are found in the verses with “kosmos”. In four verses (Gen 2:1; Deut 4:19, 17:3; Is 40:26) “kosmos” is found, the Hebrew word “kosmos” is translated from is TZaBA (Strongs 6635). It literally means “to assembly with an order”. The word TZaBA implies assembling with an order, versus chaos, an ordered assembly. Gen 2:1 reads, “Thus the heavens and earth were finished and all the TZaBA of them.” Deut 4:19 reads, “And lest thou lift up the eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun and moon and stars, all the TZaBA of heaven, should be driven to worship, which Yahavah Elohiym has divided to all nations under the whole heavens.” Deut 17:3 reads, “and has gone and served other elohiyms, and worshipped them, either the sun or moon, or any of the TZaBA of heaven, which I have not commanded.” Is 40:21-26 reads, “Have you not known? Has it not been told you from the beginning? Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth? It is He that sitteth on the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretches out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in; that brings the princes to nothing; he makes the judges of the earth as vanity. Yes, they shall not be planted. Yes, they shall not be sown. Yes, there stock shall not take root in the earth. And he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble. To whom then will you liken me, or who shall be my equal, sayeth the Holy One. Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who created these things, that bring out their TZaBA by number. He calls them all by names by the greatness of his might, for He is strong in power, not one fails.” Thus, TZaBA literally means an “ordered assembly”, in these verses speaking of the stars.

In six verses “kosmos” translates four Hebrew words closely related: ADeN (Strongs 5730) meaning “delight” (the garden of ADeN); ADaH (Strongs 5710) meaning “bring upon”; ADiY (Strongs 5716) meaning “brings upon”. ADiY is found 14 times in the OT translated ornament (11), miscellaneous (3). Ornament is the translation in the thought that ornaments are “brought upon” a person or thing. 2 Sam 1:24 reads, “who clothed you in scarlet with other ADeN (delights), who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.” ADeN is translated delight seemingly as delights are “brought upon”. But the garden of ADeN was brought upon Adam and Eve by God. In these verses the Hebrew word has a sense of bringing upon, as ornaments for delight.

In Eccl 12:9 kosmos translates “TaQaN (set in order) many proverbs”. TaQaN literally means to makes straight, so Eccl 12:9 would read “make straight many parables.” As it relates to kosmos, TaQaN spiritual means to make straight which makes straight.

Isaiah 13:10 reads, “for the stars of heaven and the KeCiYL (constellations) thereof shall not give their light.” KeCiYL from all sources seems to be the constellation Orion. KeCiYL (Strongs 3685) is derived from Strongs 3684 (meaning a “fool) of the same spelling which is derived from Strongs 3688, KaCaL is “to be foolish” (found 1 time in the OT, Jer 10:8). All said this constellation in the Hebrew spiritually means “the foolish one”, unlike the Greek, Orion, meaning the great hunter. Almost all civilizations seem to have had a tendency to see a man exalted in this constellation, whether the Babylonians who saw Nimrod, or the Greeka who saw the demi-god, Orion, or other civilizations who saw some type of exalted hunter-man. It is this constellation that has the tendency to exalt a man, that God declares to be the “foolish one”. KeCiYL is found 4 times total in the OT: Job 9:9, 38:31; Is 13:10; Amos 5:8. Two other constellations are found in the OT. The first one Pleiades (Strongs 3598, KiYMaH: 3 total times: Job 9:9, 38:31; Amos 5:8). The second one is Arcturus, the Big Dipper (Strongs 3906, AYiSH: 3 total times: Job 9:9, 38:31; Amos 5:8). KeCiYL or the constellation or the order of the stars is thus, translated kosmos.

In Isaiah 49:18 “kosmos” in the translation has no connection to the Hebrew text.

Finally, in Nahum 2:9 literally reads in the Hebrew, “Take you the spoil of silver, take the spoil of gold, for there is no end of the TeKuWNaH (storehouse). TeKuWNaH (Strongs 8498) is found 2 times total in the OT: Ezekiel 43:11, Nah 2:9. It is derived from the TaKan (Strongs 8504) meaning “to measure”. Thus a more consistent translation of Nah 2:9 would be, “no end of the measure.” Kosmos would then translate the ordered and planned storehouse

Thus, kosmos is used to translate several Hebrew words which all have a sense of order whether the stars or adornment or making right. The order and placement of the stars are of God, the creator.

Thus, the spiritual word kosmos in the OT comes to mean the physical world around about us and its order by God. It has both a negative and positive sense dependent on how it is used. “Love not the world neither the things in the world. Any person that love the world the love of the Father is not in him”…“For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, tht whomsoever believeth in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God sent not His Son into the world to condemn the word, but that the world through Him might be saved.”…“If any man hear my words and believe not, I judge him not. For I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.” God ordered the creation and the world roundabout us so that the MaSHiYaKH, Yeshua would suffer and die, be buried and raised the third day according to the OT.

Posted in The One True Gospel, Understanding of the gospel, Word Study | Leave a comment

From the Seed of promise, Yeshua Ha Mashiyak to the completion of the purpose of God: I see a new heaven and a new earth without the sea.

The genealogy of those God has chosen by His good pleasure is not found in the earth, but abides with God, in the Lamb’s book of life. These are all those who abide in the new covenant by the grace that only comes from God. He/she that endures to the end shall be saved from sin, death and judgment. For the children of grace “to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord.”

“But as many as receive him, to them gave he power to become the children of God, to them that believe on his name (in the days of their flesh), which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.” (John 1:12-13)

God is not partial, for he has chosen people from all nations and Yisrael equally “to be predestined to conform to the image of his Son raised from the dead”. It is these who are not married or given in marriage in eternity to come. It is these who partake of eternal life, life that does not cease: for to be absent from the body is to present with the Lord.” And in the final generation when the final judgment occurs all Yisrael shall be saved. With the completion of the eternal plan of God, God will be declared  not partial for He loves all people equally. This is truth now, but it will be reality then. The eternal purpose of God completed through the death, burial and resurrection of Yeshua ha Mashiyak. In Adam all died, in the Mashiyak all are made alive, each person in God’s own order: the saved He has chosen before the foundations of the worlds, and the nations of the saved.

“And I saw a new heaven and a new earth. For the first heaven and the first earth were passed away, and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy city, the new Yerushalem, coming down from God out of heaven prepared as a bride adorned for her husband…And I saw no temple therein, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of the Lord did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it, and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honor to it. And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day, for there shall be no night there. And they shall bring the glory and honor of the nations into it. And there shall in no wise enter into it anything that defiled, worked an abomination or a lie, but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.” (Rev 21)

Posted in Geneology, The One True Gospel, Understanding of the gospel | Leave a comment

YeKoNYaH (598 BC) of the seed of promise to the Seed of promise, Yeshua Ha Mashiyak (birth 4 BC)

*All years are an approximation.*

(Matthew 1:1ff) YeKoNYaH begat SHe’ALtiYeL meaning “I have asked of God”. SHe’ALtiYeL begat ZeruBaBeL. ZeruBaBeL begat ABiYHuwD meaning “my father is majesty”.  ABiYHuwD  begat ELYaQiYM meaning “God raises up”. ELYaQiYM begat AZuWR. AZuWR begat TZaDoWQ. TZaDoWQ begat YaWQiYM meaning “YaHaVaH raises up”. YaWQiYM begat ELiHoWD meaning “God his praise”.  ELiHoWD begat ELAZaR meaning “God has helped”. ELAZaR begat MaTaN meaning “a gift”. MaTaN  begat YAQoB. YaQoB begat YAWCePH meaning “YaHaVaH has added”. YAWCePH was the husband of MARiYaM. Yeshua who is called the MaSHiYaKH was born of MARiYaM but was begotten of God, for He was very God, Elohiym, YaHaVaH. YAWCeF did not begat Yeshua the Mashiyakh. Again, he was begotten of God, for He was God. Purposed by God before the creation to be born to die on a cross at the hand of the creature to manifest the love of God to all people. For in the end every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Yeshua is Lord to the glory of the Father. God reveals Himself as the Father and Son; our fellowship is with the Father and the Son. The testimony of two confirm the fact that God is, that God is love, that God has not partiality, that God loves all people and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him. And who can seek Him, but those who God grants grace according to His will to accept the one true gospel.

 In Adam all died, in the MashiYaKH all are alive, each person in God’s own order: there are the saved and the nation of the saved in the new heaven and the new earth.

And the eternal purpose of Yeshua ha Mashiach is the one true gospel. And the one true gospel is the Mashiach died for our sins according to the Old Testament, He was buried and He rose again the third day according to the Old Testament. The Spirit of prophecy is the testimony if Yeshua and the testimony of Yeshua is the one true gospel.

Significant years

609 BC: Reign of Jehoiakim begins (succeeded Jehoahaz, who replaced Josiah but reigned only 3 months)

608-538 BC: Captivity. First deportation, including Daniel.

605 BC: Began giving tribute to Nebuchadnezzar.

598-597 BC: Reign of Jehoiachin (reigned 3 months). Siege and fall of Jerusalem.
Second deportation, 16 March 597 BC (2 Kings 24:8ff)

597 BC: Zedekiah made king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon

594 BC: Anti-Babylonian conspiracy

588 BC: Siege and fall of Jerusalem. Solomon’s Temple destroyed.
Third deportation July/August 587

583 BC: Gedaliah the Babylonian-appointed governor of Yehud Province assassinated.
Many Jews flee to Egypt and a possible fourth deportation to Babylon.

562 BC: Release of Jehoiachin after 37 years in a Babylonian prison.  He remains in Babylon.

539 BC: Persians conquer Babylon (October)

538 BC: Decree of Cyrus allows Jews to return to Jerusalem. First return (Ezra 1-6)

520 BC: Haggai and Zechariah the prophets

458 BC: Second return (Ezra 7-10)

444 BC: Third return (Nehemiah 1-13)

397 BC: Malachi, the last Old Testament prophet

5 BC: Yohan the Baptist born.

4 BC: Yeshua of Nazareth born in the flesh

26 AD: Yeshua manifested to Yisrael through baptism.

NOTE: By the letter called the Gospel of John, the ministry of Yeshua had only two Passovers occur making his ministry between one and two years, not the more widely accepted three years.

28 AD: Yeshua died for our sins according to the Old Testament, He was buried and He was raised the third day according to the Old Testament. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand throne of God.



Posted in Geneology, The One True Gospel, Understanding of the gospel | Leave a comment

DaVeD (1055 BC) of the seed of promise to YeKoNYaH (598 BC) of the seed of promise

*All years are an approximation.*

(Mat 1:1ff) DaVeD begat SHeLoMaH (Solomon) of her that had been the wife of UWRiYaH (Uriah) meaning “YaHaVaH is my light”.  SHeLoMaH begat ReKHaBaM. ReKHaBaM begat ABiYaH meaning YaHaVah is (my) father. ABiYaH begat ASA. ASA begat YaHoWSHaFaT meaning YaHaVaH has judged. YaHoWSHaFaT begat YaWRaM meaning JaHaVaH is exalted. YaWRaM begat UZiYaH meaning my strength is YaHaVaH. UZiYaH begat YaWTHaM meaning YaHaVaH is perfect. YaWTHaM begat AKHaZ. AKHaZ begat KHiQiYaH (Ezekias) meaning YaHaVaH is my strength. KHiQiYaH begat MeNaSHaH. MeNaSHaH begat AMoWN. AMoWN begat YASHiYaH meaning “whom YaHaVaH heals”. YASHiYaH begat YeKoNYaH and his brethren about the time they were carried into Babylon (BaBeL) meaning “YaHaVaH will establish”.

Significant Years

1055-1014 BC: David’s reign

1014-975 BC: Solomon’s reign

975 -722 BC: Reign of the kingdom of Yisrael, eleven tribes

722 BC: Assyrians conquer the eleven tribes.

975 – 586 BC Reign of the kingdom of Yudah

608 BC: Captivity in Babylon begins

Posted in Geneology | Leave a comment

AVRaHaM (1996 BC) of the seed of promise to DaVeD (1014 BC) of the seed of promise

*All years are an approximation.*

(Mat 1:1 ff) AVRaHam begat YiTZQaKH. YiTZQaKH begat YAQoB. YAQoB begat YeHuWDaH (Judah) and his brethren. YeHuWDaH begat PeReTZ (Phares) and ZeRaKH (Zara) of TaMaR.  PeReTZ begat KHeTZRoWN. KHeTZRoWN begat RaM. RaM begat AMiYNaDaB. AMiYNaDaB begat NaKHSHoWN. NaKHSHoWN begat SaLMoWN. SaLMoWN begat BOaZ of RaKHaB. BOaZ begat OWBeD of RuWTH. OWBeD begat YiSHaY (Jesse). YiSHaY begat DaVeD the king.

Significant Years

1996-1821 BC: Avraham’s life

1921 BC: The promise given to Avraham (Gen 12:1-3). 430 years of Galatian 3:17 begins. sojourn begins. (Ex 12:40-41) Gen 15:13 reinforces the sojourning as 400 years.

1920-1918 BC: Avram goes to Egypt

1896-1716 BC: Isaac’s life

1837-1689 BC: Jaqob’s life

1745-1635 BC: Yocef’s life

1706 BC: Yaqob and his family move to Egypt

1571 BC: Moshah born.

1531 BC: Moshah smites the Egyptian (40 years old)

1491 BC: Moshah called. Exodus out of Egypt (80 years old)

1491-1451 BC: Yisrael wandering in the desert (40 years)

1491 BC: The Law given to Moshah

1451 BC: Moshah’s death and Yoshua and the people entering the land (120 years old)

NOTE: From the taking down of the seven nations in the land of Canaan to Samuel the prophet was about 450 years. (Acts 13:20)

1443 BC: Yoshua’s death

1433-1095 BC: Time of the Judges

1171 BC: Samuel born

1142 BC: Samuel begins to prophesy

1095-1055 BC: Saul’s rule (40 years)

1056 BC: Samuel dies

1055 BC: David rule begins

Posted in Geneology, The One True Gospel, Understanding of the gospel | Leave a comment

AVRaHaM, YiTZKHaQ and YAQoB are of the seed of promise

Ex 3:6: “I am the ELoHiyM of AVRaHaM, the ELoHiYM of YiTZKHaQ, and the ELoHiYM of YAQoB. And MoSHaH (766) hid his face for he was afraid to look upon ELoHiYM.”

Posted in Geneology | Leave a comment

Of the Seed of Promise from SHeM (2446 BC) to AVRaM (1996 BC)

*A number next to a name refers to the number of times the word is used in the OT. *

*All years are an approximation.*

The gospel and the promise (they are one and the same) preached unto Avraham was “in thy seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed”.  The seed is one and the seed is the MaSHiYaKH. This interpretation is true and sure, bore witness by the apostle Paul in the letter to the

(Gen 11:20ff) SHeM begat ARFaKSHaD (9) two years after the flood (2348 BC). ARFaKSHaD begat SHeLaKH (9). SHeLaKH begat EBeR (15). EBeR begat PeLeG (7). PeLeG begat Ra’uW (5). Ra’uW begat SeRuWG (5). SeRuWG begat NaKHoWR (18). NaKHoWR begat TeRaKH (13). TeRaKH begat three sons: ABRaM (61), NaKHoWR (18) and HaRaN (7). ABRaM is of the seed of promise.

“And HaRan died before his father, TeRaH in the land of his nativity, in UWR of the Chaldees (KaSiDiYMaH-80). And AvRaM and NaKHoWR took wives. The name of AVRaM’s wife was SaRa’Y (17). And the name of NaKHoWR’s wife , MiLKaH, the daughter of HaRaN, who was the father of MiLKaH and the father of YiCKaH (1). SaRa’Y was barren. She had no child. And TeRaH took AVRam his son, and LoWT the son of HaRaN, his son’s son, and SaRa’Y his daughter-in-law, his son’s AvRaM’s wife, to go into the land of KeNa’aN.. And they came unto HaRaN and dwelt there. And the days of TeRaH were two hundred and five years. And TeRaH died in HaRaN.”

Significant Years

2948 BC: Noah is born.

2448 BC: Japeth is born

2446 BC: Shem is born

2444 BC: Ham is born

2348 BC: The flood

2346 BC: Arphaxad, son of Shem, is born.

2311 BC: Selah, son of Arphaxad, is born.

2281 BC: Eber is born. He of whom the Hebrews are named – a child of the promise.

2247 BC: The tower of Babel- confusion of languages.

2247 BC: Peleg, son of Eber, is born.

2217 BC: Reu, son of Peleg, is born.

2185 BC: Serug, son of the Reu, is born.

2155 BC: Nahor, son of Serug, is born.

2126 BC: Terah, son of Nahor, father of Abram, is born

1998 BC: Noah dies.

1996 BC: Abram is born.


Posted in Geneology | Leave a comment